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IICLE® Online Library

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Search Library

Search only content with forms available for download.

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Search Help

IICLE® Online Search Help

If you are experiencing difficulties finding your desired results, the following may help.

Search Tips
  • Evaluate the “Search Parsed as:” that appears directly under the search words on the results listing. This, with the information below on search behavior, can provide ideas about how to change your search criteria.
  • Search with the most important word in the leftmost position.
  • Try changing the search sensitivity to return more or fewer results.
  • For forms of and wildcard searches, the target words may or may not be highlighted in the resulting documents.
  • Phrases with blank spaces that are not enclosed inside quotes are searched using "AND". For example, dog bite is searched as “dog” AND “bite” and only documents with both words will be returned.
  • Phrases enclosed with quotes are searched exactly as entered. For example, “dog bite” is searched as “dog bite”. Only documents with both words together are returned.
All Words, Any Words, Exact Phrase
  • "All Words" is the default, for which phrases are searched using "AND". For example, dog bite is searched as “dog” AND “bite” and only documents with both words will be returned.
  • "Any Words" will cause phrases (not enclosed inside quotes) to be searched using "OR". For example, dog bite is searched as "dog" OR "bite". Documents with either word will be returned.
  • "Exact Phrase" will cause the phrase to be searched exactly as entered. For example, dog bite is searched as “dog bite”. Only documents with both words together are returned.
Forms Of / Inflectionals
  • To return forms of words, check the "Include forms of the word" box. For example, child with the forms of the word box checked returns child, children, childlike.
  • Include forms of the word does not work with wildcards or quoted phrases. For example, “grand” with include forms of the word box checked returns only documents with the exact word “grand”, not grandmother.
  • If only part of your search phrase includes a wildcard or quoted phrase, the rest will be parsed as inflectional if the “Include forms of the word” box is checked. For example, a search for “dog bite” and drink with the include forms of the word checked: returns a document with the word dog bite and the word drinks.
  • Forms of words are not always highlighted. For example, in the case above, dog bite is highlighted in red, but drinks is not.
  • Use the wildcard (*) to return results that include any other character or characters in place of the wildcard. For example, search for grand* returns grand jury, grand juror, grandparents, grandchild, step-grandparent, etc.
Proximity Search
  • Documents in which the search words occur closer together will appear higher on the list of results.
  • Documents in which the search words occur farther apart will be listed toward the end of the results listing.
Ranking within Results List / Precedence
  • The left word in a search with multiple words has a higher precedence than words to the right. Documents with more of the leftmost word will appear higher up the list of results returned. For example, the search concession stand will return documents containing many instances of the word concession at the top of the list.
  • The ranking algorithm includes the following factors:
    • Results with more occurrences of target words rank higher.
    • Results with words closer together rank higher.
    • The historical usage of a document is tracked and documents. The more the document is the target of a search, the higher it will be ranked. So, frequently used documents are likely to rank higher.
  • AND can be used to ensure that all words occur in the document listing. The plus symbol (+) can be used as an alternative to AND; it returns the same results.
  • OR can be used to return a listing of documents containing any of the words.
  • AND NOT can be used to exclude results. For example, the search grand* AND NOT “grand jury” returns grandparents, grandchild, etc, but not “grand jury”.
Ignored Words
  • Some common words are ignored when included in searches: about, after, all, also, and, another, any, are, because, been, before, being, between, both, but, came, can, come, could, did, each, for, from, get, got, has, had, have, her, here, him, himself, his, how, into, like, make, many, might, more, most, much, must, never, now, only, other, our, out, over, said, same, see, should, since, some, still, such, take, than, that, their, them, then, there, these, they, this, those, through, too, under, very, was, way, well, were, what, where, which, while, who, with, would, you, your.

Please let us know if you have comments or additional suggestions for this help page based on your experience using the IICLE® Online search. Please use our Feedback Form.

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